By Paul Dimeo
This ebook bargains a brand new heritage of drug use in game. It argues that the belief of doping up to augment functionality has no longer continually been the situation or ‘evil’ we now imagine it truly is. as a substitute, the late nineteenth century was once a time of a few experimentation and innovation principally unhindered via speak of dishonest or future health hazards. through the interwar interval, experiments were modernised within the new laboratories of workout physiologists. nonetheless there has been little or no feel that this was once opposite to the ethics or spirit of activity. activities, medications and technological know-how have been heavily associated for over part a century. the second one international War provided the impetus for either elevated use of gear and the emergence of an anti-doping reaction. by means of the top of the Fifties a brand new framework of ethics was once being imposed at the medications query that built doping in hugely emotive phrases as an ‘evil’. along this emerged the technology and procedural forms of trying out. The years as much as 1976 laid the rules for 4 a long time of anti-doping. This ebook bargains a close and demanding realizing of who used to be concerned, what they have been attempting to in attaining, why they set approximately this activity and the context during which they labored. via doing so, it reconsiders the vintage dichotomy of ‘good anti-doping’ up opposed to ‘evil doping’. Winner of the 2007 Lord Aberdare Literary Prize for the simplest e-book in British activities heritage.
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Extra info for A History of Drug Use in Sport: 1876-1976: Beyond Good and Evil
His rival, Montague Holbien (who also was unsuccessful in his attempts), described this form of enhancement as ‘unsportsmanlike’. This was supported by the British aristocrat and sportsman Lord Lonsdale who argued that ‘the use of oxygen is unsportsmanlike and un-English’ (New York Times, 4 October 1908). Lonsdale here draws from the idealistic notion that the English as a ‘race’ approached sport with a strong sense of morality and fair play. In this vision, sport should be about doing the best given natural limits, and about enjoying the spirit of fair competition.
In Europe and America religious organisations used sport as a means of channelling the energies of young people. And in the colonies, sport was a means of disciplining the indigenous people, improving their health so they could help improve their societies. Sport represented Western modernity. As Michael Anthony Budd has written on the cult of the strongmen in the early twentieth century: The image of the physical cultural strongman supported claims of European superiority and pointed to the complexity of bodily desires that fuelled capitalist consumerism.
The advertising claims included that it ‘Stimulates Without Reaction’ and that it ‘Helped Win the Yale-Cambridge Games’ as well as ‘the games of the New York-London Athletic Clubs, and many other athletic contests during the past season’. On this latter point some further comment was made in Outing: the English athletes who were here at the international games last August marvelled at the condition of the American contestants. Their training appeared to be perfect, and the result was a long line of world record-breaking victories.
A History of Drug Use in Sport: 1876-1976: Beyond Good and Evil by Paul Dimeo