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By Florian Cajori

ISBN-10: 0548134081

ISBN-13: 9780548134085

This scarce antiquarian e-book is a variety from Kessinger Publishings Legacy Reprint sequence. because of its age, it can comprise imperfections comparable to marks, notations, marginalia and mistaken pages. simply because we think this paintings is culturally very important, we have now made it on hand as a part of our dedication to preserving, retaining, and selling the worlds literature. Kessinger Publishing is where to discover millions of infrequent and hard-to-find books with anything of curiosity for everybody!

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His directions are " If now in any problem the same powers of the unknown : occur on both sides of the equation, but with different coeffi cients, we must subtract equals from equals until we have one term^equal to one term. If there are on one side, or on both sides, terms with negative added on both tive terms. " 1 Thus nowadays achieved by transposing, simplifying, and dividing by the coefficient of x was accomplished by Diophan It is to be observed that in tus by addition and subtraction. is } Diophantus, and in fact in all writings of antiquity, the con ception of a quotient is wanting.

By its a metallic plate having grooves with movable some as frac well as use all integers between 1 and 9,999,999, two In the adjoining figures could be represented. tions, 21 in Friedlein) the lines represent grooves (taken from Pig. l! and the X 7 C X 'X 1 circles buttons. The Roman numerals indicate the value of each button in the corresponding groove below, the button in the shorter groove above having a fivefold value. = 1,000,000 hence each button in the long left-hand for 1,000,000, and the button in the groove, when in use, stands short upper groove stands for 5,000,000.

EGYPT AND BABYLONIA 45 ancient Egyptian geometry are found in figures on the walls The wall was ruled with squares, or other of old structures. rectilinear figures, within which coloured pictures were drawn. " . " . 2 This, together with other clues, led him to the conclusion that in laying out temples the Egyptians determined by accurate astronomical observation a north and south line line at right angles to this by means ; then they constructed a around of a rope stretched three pegs in such a way that the three sides of the triangle formed are to each other as 3 4 5, and that one of the legs of : : this right triangle coincided with the the other leg gave the E.

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A History of Elementary Mathematics by Florian Cajori


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